Malaria is a very common disease in developing countries. Ronald Ross first discovered the transmission of malaria by mosquitoes, while he was working in India (Secunderabad, AP, India) in 1897.
Typhoid fever is an acute, systemic infection presenting as fever with abdominal symptoms, caused by Salmonella typhi and paratyphi. Indian Statistics Typhoid fever is endemic in India.
Hepatitis is the inflammation of liver. It can be caused by viruses (five different viruses— termed A, B, C, D and E cause viral Hepatitis), bacterial infections, or continuous exposure to alcohol, drugs, or toxic chemicals.
Indians, especially the younger generation are at a higher risk of developing this metabolic syndrome.
5. Heart diseases
The most common cause of heart disease is increased levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the body. Consumption of processed foods and junk foods, smoking and drinking coupled with a lack of exercise is the main reason why an increasing number of people, including younger adults are suffering from heart disease.
The second leading cause of death, claims more than half a million lives each year.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, non traumatic lower extremity amputations, and new cases of blindne each year among adults aged 20–74 years.